Purushottam Yoga :- SHLOK 01
1. They speak of the indestructible Asvattha having its root above and branches below, whose leaves are the metres. He who knows it knows the Vedas. As Brahman with Maya or the unmanifested potentiality is subtle in point of time, as He is the Cause , as He is eternal, as He is great, .He is spoken of as the one above. The One above is the root of this Tree of Samsara, which is therefore said to have its root above. The Sruti says: With roots above and branches below, this Asvattha is eternal. In the Purana also it is said:The root from which the Eternal Tree of Brahman has sprung is the Avyakta, the Unmanifested. It has developed by the strength of the same (Avyakta). Its trunk is Buddhi, the senseapertures Its hollows, the great elements Its boughs, the senseobjects Its leaves and branches, dharma and adharma Its fair blossoms, pleasure and pain Its fruits affording livelihood to all creatures. And this is the resort of Brahman (the Highest Self), and that Highest Self is (the essence) of that Tree of Brahman. Having cut asunder and split the Tree with the mighty sword of knowledge and then attained to the Bliss of the self, none comes back from there again. They speak of the illusory samsara as a tree rooted above. The Mahat, the Ahamkara (Egoism), the Tanmatras (the Elemental Essences), etc are its branches as it were, and these extend downwards; whence the tree is said to have its branches below. They call this tree Asvattha because it will not abide the same even till tomorrow, because it undergoes destruction every moment. The illusion (Maya of samsara having existed in time without beginning, they say that this Tree of samsara is eternal ; for, it rests, as is well known, on a continuous series of births which is without beginning or end and is thus eternal.
Sri Shankaracharaya
1. Bhagawan stated; "This tree called Samsara is born from extremely subtle and sublime root called Brahman, has grown downwards and spread all over without ever withering away. This Samsara is protected by the leaves called Vedas. Its branches have spread out downwards and upwards.
Sri. Gangolli D.B
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