Gunatraya Vibhag Yoga :- SHLOK 01
1. It has been said that all that is born is produced by the conjunction of Kshetra and Kshetrajna.How can it be so ? The present discourse is intended as an answer to this question.Or the connection may be explained thus: With a view to show that it is Kshetra and Kshetrajna, both dependent on the Isvara,but not independent in themselves as the Sankhyas hold,that constitute the cause of the universe, it has been stated that the dwelling (of the Kshetrajna) in the Kshetra (i.e his selfidentification with Kshetra) and his attachment for the Gunas from the cause of samsara (xiii. 21.)In what Gunas and in what way is He attached ? What are the Gunas ? How do they bind him How is liberation from the Gunas attained ? What are the characteristics of a liberated soul ?With a view to answer these questions, the Lord proceeds as follows: knowledge of the origin of the universe is necessary for Salvation. The Blessed Lord said: I shall again declare that sublime knowledge, the best of all knowledge's ; which having learnt, all the sages have passed to high perfection from here.Though declared more than once in the preceding discourses, I shall again declare that knowledge which is sublime as concerning itself with the Supreme Being. and which is the best of all knowledge's as productive of the best result All knowledge does not refer to those which have been spoken of as knowledge in the verses xi. 710 but to those kinds of knowledge which relate to sacrifices and other such things to be known. These (latter kinds of knowledge) do not lead to salvation, whereas the knowledge which is going to be imparted in this discourse does lead to salvation. So, the Lord praises this latter knowledge by the epithets sublime and best, in order to rouse interest in the minds of the hearers.
Sri Shankaracharaya
1. With a view to teaching the method by which the world is born out of the Prakritis, namely Kshetrajna, the manner in which one is bound by the association of Prakriti made up of the three Gunas (Sattva, Rajas and Tamas), and the method of over- coming these Gunas, Bhagawan stated: "Oh Arjuna listen, I will tell you that thing, the Jnana (knowledge) by which the Ultimate Goal of Liberation will be attained.
Sri. Gangolli D.B
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